The Civil War
April 12, 1861–April 9, 1865
It has been over 150 years since the first shot of the Civil War was fired at Fort Sumter, S.C.
With the beginning of hostilities on April 12, 1861, North was pitted against South, brother against brother, fathers against sons.
Maryland, both by geography and the sentiments of its residents, was a border state.
Troops from both sides passed through the Tri-State area with some frequency, skirmishes and battles were won and lost, and the Union and Confederate armies clashed along a creek in Washington County in the bloodiest single day of the war.
In observance of the 150th anniversary of the onset of the Civil War, The Herald-Mail has prepared a package of stories and photos, and a map of events, designed to offer a glimpse back at those tumultuous days.
View our Civil War places slideshow.
Civil War pitted brother against brother in Washington County as Civil War moved into border state
Looking at Washington County, with its shopping malls, housing developments and parks, it can be hard to remember that the fertile land once was a battlefield, and stately homes served as hospitals for the wounded and dying.
With hope of being free, James Pennington fled Rockland estate
With a piece of Indian flour bread in his pocket and hopes of becoming a free man in his heart, James W.C. Pennington ran away from Rockland Estate in search of freedom.
Hagerstown man preserves great-grandfather’s Civil War diaries, other items
Charles “Jim” Mobley Jr. considers himself to be fortunate that he has the opportunity to hold the long-barreled revolver once carried by his great-grandfather, who formed a group of Union fighters in Hagerstown as the country became embroiled in the Civil War.
Civil War’s carnage led to medical advances
The carnage that was caused by weapons introduced during the American Civil War forced doctors to make advances in medicine that might have taken another 25 years to develop had the conflict not been fought.
Newspaper account described deadly struggle at Antietam
An excerpted account of the Battle of Antietam, the single bloodiest day of the Civil War, as printed in the Sept. 10-24, 1862, issue of the Herald of Freedom and Torch Light. The account is in the Maryland Historical Society collection.
War between the states resulted in creation of West Virginia
As it did in other areas across the United States, the Civil War brought battles, gruesome tales and acts of destruction to what is now the Eastern Panhandle of West Virginia, but back then was part of Virginia.
Gettysburg was the turning point of the Civil War
While the Civil War would continue for almost two years after North and South clashed at Gettysburg, it was the turning point of the Civil War.
Seven score and eight years ago
On November 19, 1863, President Lincoln delivered his famous address in Gettysburg, Pa.